This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1614.
- January 25 – The Lady Elizabeth's Men perform the formerly controversial Eastward Ho at Court.
- April – Sir Francis Bacon's dual role as Member of Parliament and Attorney General is objected to by the Parliament of England.
- May 24 – Lope de Vega becomes a priest.
- November 1 – The Lady Elizabeth's Men perform Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair at Court, the day after its première.
- Luís de Sousa becomes a Dominican friar.
- Izaak Walton owns an ironmongery in Fleet Street, London.
- John Webster's tragedy The Duchess of Malfi is first performed publicly, at the Globe Theatre, London.
- Pietro Della Valle begins his travels.
- Madeleine de Souvré marries the marquis de Sablé.
- London sees a controversy between actors and watermen. In the first six months, no theaters operate on the South Bank of the Thames, causing a severe decline in demand for the watermen's taxi service. The watermen respond by proposing to limit the locations of the theaters around London, much to the actors' displeasure. The rebuilt Globe Theatre opens by June, and Philip Henslowe's new Hope Theatre opens in October, negating the watermen's complaint. John Taylor the Water Poet describes the controversy in his The True Cause of the Watermen's Suit Concerning Players.
- Johannes Althusius – Politica Methodice Digesta
- Johannes Valentinus Andreae – Fama fraternitatis Roseae Crucis oder Die Bruderschaft des Ordens der Rosenkreuzer (at Kassel)
- Christoph Besold – Signatura temporum
- New edition of the King James Version of the Bible (in an easily read Roman typeface)
- "Alonso Fernández de Avellaneda" – Second Part of Don Quixote (spurious)
- Alonso Jerónimo de Salas Barbadillo – El Cavallero puntual
- Lope de Vega – Pastores de Belen: prosas y versos divinos
- Heinrich Doergangk – Institutiones in linguam hispanicam, admodum faciles, quales antehac nunquam visae
- Michael Maier – Arcana arcanissima
- Samuel Purchas – Purchas, his Pilgrimage; or, Relations of the World and the Religions observed in all Ages
- Anonymous – The Masque of Flowers
- Samuel Daniel – Hymen's Triumph
- Lope de Vega
- Amor secreto hasta celos
- Fuenteovejuna (approximate date)
- John Fletcher and William Shakespeare – The Two Noble Kinsmen
- Ben Jonson – Bartholomew Fair, first performance on 31 October
- Johannes Messenius – Blanckamäreta
- Anthony Munday – Himatia-Poleos
- Robert Tailor – The Hog Hath Lost His Pearl published
- William Browne – The Shepherd's Pipe
- Miguel de Cervantes – Viaje del Parnaso
- Lope de Vega – Rimas sacras
- October 12 – Henry More, English philosopher (died 1687)
- Unknown date – Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (died 1674)
- Probable year of birth – John Lilburne, English political writer and Leveller (died 1657)
- January 2 – Luisa Carvajal y Mendoza, Spanish poet and author (born 1556)
- June 17 – William Bathe, Irish writer and priest (born 1564)
- July 1 – Isaac Casaubon, Genevan classicist and church historian (born 1559)
- July 15 – Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French historian and biographer (born c. 1540)
- Unknown dates