This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1613.
- January and February at the English royal court see massive celebrations for the marriage of Frederick V, Elector Palatine to King James's daughter Princess Elizabeth, culminating in their wedding on February 14.
- During court festivities in the winter of 1612–1613, the King's Men give twenty performances, which include eight Shakespeare plays, four by Beaumont and Fletcher, and the lost Cardenio.
- In early January, the Children of the Queen's Revels give two performances of Beaumont and Fletcher's Cupid's Revenge.
- On January 11, the playing company that had been the Admiral's Men, then Prince Henry's Men, becomes the Elector Palatine's (or Palsgrave's) Men.
- On February 15, The Memorable Masque of the Middle Temple and Lincoln's Inn, written by George Chapman and designed by Inigo Jones, is staged in the Great Hall of the Palace of Whitehall. Francis Beaumont's The Masque of the Inner Temple and Gray's Inn follows five days later on February 20.
- On February 25, The Lady Elizabeth's Men perform Marston's The Dutch Courtesan at Court. (They repeat it at the end of the year, on December 12.)
- On February 27, The Queen's Revels Children act Chapman's The Widow's Tears.
- Early in March, Frederick and Prince Charles visit the University of Cambridge where they see performances of Samuel Brooke's Latin plays Adelphe and Scyros.
- English poet Francis Quarles attends the newly-married Queen on her progress to Continental Europe.
- June 8 – The King's Men re-play Cardenio at Court.
- June 29 – The Globe Theatre burns down during a performance of Henry VIII.
- Publication in London of Elizabeth Cary, Lady Falkland's closet drama The Tragedy of Mariam, the Fair Queen of Jewry (written 1602–1604), the first original dramatic work in English known to have been published by a woman, and acknowledged as such ("Written by that learned, vertuous, and truly noble Ladie, E. C.").
- Cyril Tourneur is paid £10 for delivering letters from the Stuart monarchy to Brussels.
- Miguel de Cervantes – Exemplary Novels
- Thomas Dekker – A Strange Horse Race
- Mark Ridley – A Short Treatise of Magneticall Bodies and Motions
- Sir Anthony Shirley – Sir Anthony Shirley: his Relation of his Travels into Persia
- Alexander Whitaker – Good Newes from Virginia
- George Wither – Abuses Stript, and Whipt (satires)
- Anonymous – Heteroclitanomalonomia
- Giovan Battista Andreini – L'Adamo
- Francis Beaumont
- Beaumont and Fletcher – The Honest Man's Fortune
- Samuel Brooke – Adelphe and Scyros (in Latin)
- Thomas Campion
- The Lords' Masque
- The Somerset Masque
- Elizabeth Cary, Lady Falkland – The Tragedy of Mariam
- George Chapman
- Lope de Vega
- Thomas Heywood
- The Silver Age (published)
- The Brazen Age (published)
- Ben Jonson (masques)
- A Challenge at Tilt, at a Marriage
- The Irish Masque at Court
- John Marston and William Barksted – The Insatiate Countess (published)
- Thomas Middleton – A Chaste Maid in Cheapside
- William Shakespeare – Henry VIII
- Shakespeare and John Fletcher (attributed) – The History of Cardenio
- William Drummond of Hawthornden – Tears on the Death of Moeliades
- February 11 – Henry Killigrew, English dramatist (died 1700)
- April – Franciscus Plante, Dutch poet (died 1690)
- June 16 – John Cleveland, English poet (died 1658)
- August 15
- September 15 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer of maxims and memoirs (died 1680)
- November 5 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (died 1691)
- Probable year of birth – Richard Crashaw, English poet (died 1667)
- January 28 – Sir Thomas Bodley, English founder of the Bodleian Library (born 1545)
- February 16 – Mikalojus Daukša, Lithuanian religious writer and translator (born c. 1527)
- August 18 – Giovanni Artusi, Italian music theorist (born c. 1540)
- August 21 – Natshinnaung, Toungoo prince, poet and musician (executed, born 1578)
- August 26 – George Owen, Welsh antiquarian (born 1552)
- September 15 – Sir Thomas Overbury, English poet and essayist (probably poisoned, born 1581)
- October 9 – Henry Constable, English Catholic polemicist and poet (born 1562)
- October 22 – Mathurin Régnier, French satirist (born 1573)
- November 16 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (born 1556)