This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1612.
- January 6 – Ben Jonson's masque Love Restored is performed.
- January 12 – The King's Men and Queen Anne's Men unite for the first of two English Court performances in January, with Thomas Heywood's The Silver Age
- January 13 – The King's Men perform Heywood's The Rape of Lucrece.
- February 2 – Queen Anne's Men return to court to play Greene's Tu Quoque.
- May 11 – Shakespeare testifies in the Bellott v. Mountjoy lawsuit.
- November 6 – Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son and heir to King James I of England, dies of typhoid fever. His coterie of followers, which included literary figures like Ben Jonson and John Selden, are forced to seek other patrons.
- Thomas Shelton publishes The History of the Valorous and Wittie Knight-Errant Don-Quixote of the Mancha, the first translation of Cervantes' novel Don Quixote (first part) into English (or any other language).
- Death of Carlos Félix, the favourite son of Lope de Vega.
- The Accademia della Crusca publishes the first dictionary of the Italian language.
- "Printers Bible": Some copies of the King James Version of the Bible printed in England this year contain an erratum with Psalm 119:161 reading "Printers" (rather than "Princes") "have persecuted me without a cause."
- Traiano Boccalini – Ragguagli di Parnasso
- John Brinsley – Ludus literarius; or The Grammar Schoole
- John Davies – Discoverie of the True Causes why Ireland was never entirely subdued
- John Davies of Hereford – The Picture of a Happy Man
- Edward Grimeston
- The Generall Historie of Spaine (translated from French)
- The General History of the Magnificent State of Venice
- Thomas Heywood – An Apology for Actors
- Antonius Magirus – Koock-boeck ofte Familieren kevken-boeck
- William Strachey - The Historie of Travaile Into Virginia Britannia
- Francisco de Quevedo – La cuna y la sepultura
- George Chapman – The Widow's Tears published
- Robert Daborne – A Christian Turn'd Turk published
- Nathan Field – A Woman is a Weathercock published
- Ben Jonson – Love Restored (masque)
- John Webster – The White Devil published
- Michael Drayton – Poly-Olbion
- Luis de Góngora – Fábula de Polifemo y Galatea (Fable of Polyphemus and Galatea)
- Expanded edition of The Passionate Pilgrim
- George Wither – Elegy on the death of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
- February 6 – Antoine Arnauld, French theologian and philosopher (died 1694)
- February 7 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (died 1683)
- February 28 – John Pearson, English theologian and scholar (died 1686)
- March 4 (bapt.) – Jan Vos, Dutch poet and dramatist (died 1667)
- March 20 – Anne Bradstreet, née Dudley, English-born American poet (died 1672)
- December 4 – Samuel Butler, English poet and satirist (died 1680)
- Unknown date – Edward King, English poet (died 1637)
- Probable year of birth – John Rushworth, English lawyer and historian (died 1690)
- February – John Gerard (John Gerarde), English botanist and author of herbal (born c. 1545)
- March 16 – Thomas Holland, English theologian and Bible translator (born 1539)
- April 11 – Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian (born 1535)
- July 29 – Jacques Bongars, French diplomat and scholar (born 1554)
- August 4 – Hugh Broughton, English Biblical scholar (born 1549)
- September – Giovanni de' Bardi, Italian music theorist and critic (born 1534)
- September 27 – Piotr Skarga (Piotr Poweski), Polish hagiographer (born 1536)
- October 7 – Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian poet (born 1538)
- November 20 – Sir John Harington, English courtier, writer and inventor of flush toilet (born 1560)
- Chambers, E. K. (1923). The Elizabethan Stage. 3. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 387.
- Strong, Roy (1986). Henry, Prince of Wales and England's Lost Renaissance. London: Pimlico.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 243–248. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.