This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1610.
- June 5 – The masque Tethys' Festival, by Samuel Daniel, is performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the investiture of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.
- December 12 – Sir Thomas Bodley makes an agreement with the Stationers' Company of London to put a copy of every book registered with it into his new Bodleian Library in the University of Oxford.
- The Douay–Rheims Bible (The Holie Bible Faithfully Translated into English), a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English made by members of the English College, Douai, is published in the service of the Catholic Church.
- At the Dominican Order's printing press at Abucay Church in the Philippines, Tomas Pinpin prints Father Francisco Blancas de San Jose's Arte y Reglas de la Lengua Tagala and his assistant Diego Talaghay prints Pinpin's own Librong Pagaaralan nang mga Tagalog nang Uicang Castilla, the first book written by a native Filipino in the local Tagalog language. It encourages his countrymen to learn Spanish.
- Lope de Vega buys a house in Madrid.
- Jean Beguin – Tyrocinium Chymicum
- Edmund Bunny – Of Divorce for adulterie and Marrying againe; that there is no sufficient warrant so to do
- William Camden – Britannia, in an enlarged translation by Philemon Holland into English
- Foxe's Book of Martyrs, fourth edition
- John Healey – St. Augustine of the Citie of God, a translation of St. Augustine's De Civitate Dei into English
- Charles Loyseau – Traité des ordres et simples dignités
- Samuel Daniel – Tethys' Festival or the Queenes Wake (masque)
- Lope de Vega
- John Fletcher – The Faithful Shepherdess
- Ben Jonson
- John Marston – Histriomastix (published)
- John Mason – The Turk (published)
- William Shakespeare – Cymbeline
- Giles Fletcher the younger – Christ's Victory and Triumph
- January 10 – Louis Maimbourg, French historian (died 1686)
- January 15 (baptised) – Sidney Godolphin, English poet, politician and soldier (killed in action 1643)
- April 1 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier, critic and essayist (died 1703)
- July 4 – Paul Scarron, French poet, dramatist and novelist (died 1660)
- July 18 – Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish dramatist and historian (died 1686)
- July 28 (baptised) – Henry Glapthorne, English dramatist (died c. 1643)
- December 18 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist and historian (died 1688)
- Unknown dates
- Richard Bulstrode, English author and soldier (died 1711)
- Edmund Chilmead, English writer and translator (died 1654)
- Reinhold Curicke, German historian of the Hanseatic League (died 1667)
- Li Yu (李漁), Chinese comic writer (died 1680)
- François Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (died 1683)
- Madeleine Patin, French moralist writer (died 1682)
- Probable year of birth
- July – Richard Knolles, English historian (born c. 1545)
- August 27 – Anne Bacon, English translator (born c. 1528)
- September 22 – Jan Moretus, Flemish printer (born 1543)
- November 21 – Benet Canfield, English mystical writer (born 1562)
- November 23 – Bernard de Girard Haillan, French historian (born c. 1535)
- November 28 – Lorenzo Scupoli, Italian theologian (born c. 1530)
- Unknown dates
- Probable year of death
- Edmund Sawyer, Memorials of Affairs of State from the papers of Ralph Winwood, vol. 3 (London, 1725), p. 181: Roy Strong, Henry Prince of Wales (London, 1986), pp. 155–158.
- Nicoll, Allardyce, ed. (1951). Shakespeare Survey Vol. 4: An Annual Survey of Shakespearean Study & Production. Cambridge University Press.
- Pope, Hugh (July–October 1910). "The Origin of the Douay Bible". The Dublin Review. London. 147 (294–295).
- Quirino, Carlos (September 1960). "The First Philippine Imprints". Journal of History. 8.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 243–248. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 170–172. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Baconiana. Francis Bacon Society. 1966. p. 224.
- Joel Munsell (1858). The Every Day Book of History and Chronology. pp. 446.