- August 10 – A precursor of the Royal Artillery Mounted Band makes its first recorded appearance at the Battle of St. Quentin with "drumme and phife".
- Hoste da Reggio replaces Simon Boyleau as maestro di cappella at Milan Cathedral.
- Filippo Azzaiolo (published anonymously) – Il primo libro de villotte alla padoana con alcune napolitane, for four voices (Venice)
- Cipriano de Rore
- Second Book of Madrigals in Four Parts
- Fourth Book of Madrigals in Five Parts
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- February 15 – Alfonso Fontanelli, composer, writer and nobleman (died 1622)
- September 16 – Jacques Mauduit, composer (died 1627)
- date unknown – Giovanni Croce, composer (died 1609)
- probable – Thomas Morley, composer, theorist, editor and organist (died 1602)