|New York City Subway station (rapid transit)|
|Address||West 145th Street & Malcolm X Boulevard|
New York, NY 10030
|Line||IRT Lenox Avenue Line|
|Services||3 (all times)|
|Transit connections|| NYCT Bus: M1, M7, M102, Bx19|
Short Line Bus: 208
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Opened||November 23, 1904|
|Closed||July 23, 2018(reconstruction)|
|Rebuilt||November 28, 2018|
|Opposite-direction transfer available||No|
|Passengers (2018)||635,413 41.9%|
|Rank||393 out of 424|
|Next north||Harlem–148th Street: 3|
|Next south||135th Street: 3|
145th Street Subway Station (IRT)
Platform level before 2018 renovations
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
|NRHP reference #||05000231|
|Added to NRHP||March 30, 2005|
145th Street is a station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 145th Street and Lenox Avenue in Harlem, Manhattan, it is served by the 3 train at all times.
The station opened in 1904 as part of the original subway line operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT). Since there is only one more station on the Lenox Avenue Line, three blocks north, entry is provided only to the southbound platform, although northbound customers are allowed to exit from this station. The station was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005, and was closed from July to November 2018 for extensive renovations.
The 145th Street station opened just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system. It served as the northern terminal for the IRT Lenox Avenue Line, then known as the East Side Subway or East Side Branch. The original plan envisioned a station on the Lenox Avenue Line at 141st Street, just south of the 142nd Street Junction, where a spur of the Lenox Avenue Line diverges to the Bronx via the IRT White Plains Road Line. This was ultimately not built, and instead, the 145th Street station was built as the last stop on the Lenox Avenue Line before the line entered the Lenox Yard, a train maintenance yard immediately to the north.:7
With the construction of the Harlem–148th Street station within the Lenox Yard in the 1960s, the 145th Street station was planned to be closed. However, such plans were shelved due to protests from the local community over the long walk (up to seven blocks) to either the new station or 135th Street one stop south, and due to possible congestion issues at 135th Street. The 148th Street station opened on May 13, 1968; despite its name, the new terminal was located at 149th Street.
From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008. During late nights, riders could take shuttle buses, the M7 or the M102. The station has been on the National Register of Historic Places since March 30, 2005.
Starting on March 2, 1998, the tunnel was reconstructed along with the cracked tunnel floor. This was done to correct a major water problem that had existed for many years due to the presence of the Harlem Creek and other underground streams, which caused extensive flooding, water damage, and seepage problems that occasionally contributed to severe service disruptions. The project cost $82 million and was finished on October 12, 1998. During the reconstruction, 3 trains were rerouted to the 137th Street–City College station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. Each of the two Lenox Avenue Line tracks were alternately taken out of service and supplemental shuttle bus service connecting to other lines in the area were provided for much of this time.
Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station underwent a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative and was entirely closed for several months. Updates included cellular service, Wi-Fi, USB charging stations, interactive service advisories and maps. In January 2018, the NYCT and Bus Committee recommended that Citnalta-Forte receive the $125 million contract for the renovations of 167th and 174th–175th Streets on the IND Concourse Line and 145th Street on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line. However, the MTA Board temporarily deferred the vote for these packages after city representatives refused to vote to award the contracts. The contract was put back for a vote in February, where it was ultimately approved. The subway station was closed for renovations from July 23 to November 28, 2018.
|G||Street Level||Exit/Entrance (southbound only)|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only|
|Northbound||← toward Harlem–148th Street (Terminus)|
|Southbound||→ toward New Lots Avenue (42nd Street late nights) (135th Street) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only|
There are two tracks with two short side platforms.:5 The station is 348 feet (106 m) long and can fit six-and-a-half 51-foot (16 m) IRT subway cars.:6 Only the first five cars of a train open here because the R62 subway cars used on the 3 service are configured in five-car sets and each must have their doors opened at the same time (selective door operation is used). Before trains on the 3 service were lengthened from 9 cars to 10 cars in 2001, only four cars opened their doors at the station. The station is slightly offset under Lenox Avenue, being located closer to the avenue's western curb line.:16
The fare control is at platform level, and there is no crossover or crossunder between the platforms. The station agent's booth is located on the southbound platform. The station has mosaic name tablets, some old "145" terra cotta cartouches, and a mosaic replica of a cartouche.:6 There were formerly women's and men's restrooms on the southbound platform, evidenced by stone lintels reading "women" and "men".:7 The central section of the southbound platform widens near the turnstiles.:7
The tunnel is covered by a "U"-shaped trough that contains utility pipes and wires. The bottom of this trough contains a foundation of concrete no less than 4 inches (100 mm) thick. The lowest sections of the trough's outer walls are composed of transverse arches 5 feet (1.5 m) wide, atop which are the columns between the tracks.:5 Unlike in most original IRT stations, the majority of these columns are not built-up I-beams.:6 Along the northern end of the platforms are dense clusters of I-beam columns, while the remainder of the platform contains circular, cast-iron Doric-style columns spaced every 15 feet (4.6 m). The ceiling is about 15 feet (4.6 m) above platform level; the section of the ceiling north of the fare control area is smooth, and the section south of fare control is composed of segmental vaults supported by the center columns. There is a 1-inch (25 mm) gap between the trough wall and the platform walls, which are made of 4-inch (100 mm)-thick brick covered over by a tiled finish.:6
Like the other stations on the original IRT subway, it was initially built for trains shorter in length than the standard eight to ten cars used by the subway. In the 1950s and 1960s, all of the other IRT stations were either lengthened to 10 cars or closed. The 145th Street station was also lengthened slightly to the north: there are no columns between the tracks there, since the site formerly accommodated a track crossover. When 145th Street was planned to be closed in the 1960s, it was deemed unnecessary to further lengthen the platforms. Because it remained open, 145th Street is the only original IRT station besides the 42nd Street Shuttle stations that still cannot accommodate ten-car trains. Approximately 200 feet (61 m) north of the station is a diamond crossover for the approach to the northern terminal of the 3 train at Harlem–148th Street. Approximately 300 feet (91 m) south of the station is the 142nd Street Junction with the IRT White Plains Road Line. A track crossover formerly existed immediately south of the station, and another switch existed immediately north of the original platforms, within the space occupied by the current platform extension.
Street staircases from platform level go up to all four corners of 145th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard. There is no entrance from the street to the northbound platform, as both eastern street staircases contain a high exit-only turnstile and emergency gate.:5[a] Like the other original IRT stations, this station originally was built with entrances resembling elaborate kiosks, which were removed for reducing sight lines for motorists. The street staircases were replaced with relatively simple, modern steel railings like those seen at most New York City Subway stations.:8
- One stair, NW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)
- One stair, SW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)
- One stair, NE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)
- One stair, SE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)
- "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "EAST SIDE SUBWAY OPEN.; Train from 145th Street to Broadway in 9 Minutes and 40 Seconds". The New York Times. November 23, 1904. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "Historic Structures Report: 145th Street Subway Station (IRT)" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service. March 30, 2005. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- Edwards, Dick (December 2, 1967). "145th-Lenox Subway Stop To Continue". New York Amsterdam News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
- "IRT Passengers Get New 148th St. Station". The New York Times. May 14, 1968. p. 95. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Raudenbush, Henry (January 2007). "148th Street-Lenox Terminal and How it Got its Name". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders Association. 50 (1). Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. July 24, 2008. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A close up of the sign saying late nights no 3 service at 145 Street and to use the shuttle bus (that appears on Manhattan bus maps) or M7 or 102 to 135 Street for 2 service". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- "Notice: National Register of Historic Places; pending nominations | Rapid Transit | Business". Scribd. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
- "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- Lii, Jane H. (February 28, 1998). "Tunnel Work To Cut Service On 2 Subways". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- Lueck, Thomas J. (October 13, 1998). "Beating Deadline, Normal Service Returns for the Nos. 2 and 3 Subway Lines". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- Newman, Andy (December 12, 1997). "Repairs to Lenox Ave. Tunnel To Affect Many Subway Lines". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Lenox Rehab '98 2 3 Lenox Line Service Guide March 2-October 1998". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. 1998. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority (January 22, 2018). "NYCT/Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). p. 135. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 27, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Barone, Vincent (January 24, 2018). "Controversial cosmetic subway improvement plan falters". am New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- Siff, Andrew (January 24, 2018). "MTA Shelves Plan to Modernize Subway Stations Amid Criticism". NBC New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- "Foes Hit Gov's Station Fix Plan". NY Daily News. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- "Subway Stations in Harlem and the Bronx to Receive Structural Repairs and Improvements This Summer". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- "Planned Service Changes for: Wednesday, November 28, 2018". November 28, 2018. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
- R62 3 trains at 145th Street - Lenox
- Dougherty, Peter (2006) . Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
- "April 1997 New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.nyc.ny.us. New York City Transit Authority. April 1997. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 4, 1997. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "The entrance area outside of fare control at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A mosaic name tablet at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A flat mosaic replica of a terra cotta cartouche at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A close up of a terra cotta cartouche at 145 Street it is identical with other then the numbers in it to similar cartouches at all the other Lenox Avenue stations except 110 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Chatreau, Bernard (September 23, 2011). "Showing Image 144186". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Weinberg, Brian (May 17, 2004). "Showing Image 30454". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- "145th Street Derek Fordjour Parade, 2018". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
- Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. hdl:2027/mdp.39015023094926.
- "More Long Platforms; Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains". The New York Times. July 10, 1948. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Lynch, Andrew (2020). "New York City Subway Track Map" (PDF). vanshnookenraggen.com. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- "Tracks of the New York City Subway". Tracks of the New York City Subway. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Harlem/Hamilton Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A no entry exit from the uptown platform at 145 Street viewed from Lenox Avenue". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Pirmann, David. "Former IRT Kiosk". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 145th Street (IRT Lenox Avenue Line).|
- nycsubway.org – IRT White Plains Road Line: 145th Street
- Station Reporter — 3 Train
- The Subway Nut — 145th Street Pictures
- 145th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Platforms from Google Maps Street View