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Georg Philipp Telemann's 12 fantaisies à traversière sans basse, 12 Fantasias for Solo Flute, TWV 40:2–13, were published in Hamburg in 1732–33. An extant copy of the publication, conserved in Brussels, has a spurious title page reading Fantasie per il Violino senza Basso (Fantasias for Solo Violin). The set is one of Telemann's collections of fantasias for unaccompanied instruments, the others being a set of thirty-six for harpsichord, also published in 1732–33, and two sets published in 1735: twelve for solo violin and twelve for viola da gamba.
Telemann's solo flute fantasias are alone in the Baroque repertoire to include movements seemingly impossible on flute: fugues (fantasias 2, 6, and 8–11), a French overture (fantasia 7) and a passacaglia (fantasia 5). In 2012, an arrangement for viola solo was published by Euprint. In this arrangement, through the use of double stops, some many-voiced parts appear as real polyphonic pieces.
This work comprises the following:
- Fantasia in A major (Vivace – Allegro)
- Fantasia in A minor (Grave – Vivace – Adagio – Allegro)
- Fantasia in B minor (Largo – Vivace – Largo – Vivace – Allegro)
- Fantasia in B-flat major (Andante – Allegro – Presto)
- Fantasia in C major (Presto – Largo – Presto – Dolce – Allegro – Allegro)
- Fantasia in D minor (Dolce – Allegro – Spirituoso)
- Fantasia in D major (Alla francese – Presto)
- Fantasia in E minor (Largo – Spirituoso – Allegro)
- Fantasia in E major (Affettuoso – Allegro – Grave – Vivace)
- Fantasia in F-sharp minor (A Tempo giusto – Presto – Moderato)
- Fantasia in G major (Allegro – Adagio – Vivace – Allegro)
- Fantasia in G minor (Grave – Allegro – Grave – Allegro – Dolce – Allegro – Presto)
The collection is arranged by key, progressing more or less stepwise from A major to G minor. Telemann deliberately avoided keys that are impractical on the one-key flute, i.e. B major, C minor, F minor and F-sharp major. There are two ways to view the overall structure of the collection: one way, in which the work is divided into two parts, is suggested by the fact that Fantasia 7 begins with a French overture, indicating a start of a new section. This device was also later used by Johann Sebastian Bach in Variation 16 of his Goldberg Variations. Another was proposed by scholar Wolfgang Hirschmann: there are four modal groups of three fantasias: major-minor-minor, major-major-minor, major-minor-major, and minor-major-minor.
- Anon. (2015-08-10). "Sensationelle Wiederentdeckung". Zentrum für Telemann-Pflege und -Forschung Magdeburg. Retrieved 2016-02-21.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Zohn, Steven (2008). Music for a Mixed Taste: Style, Genre, and Meaning in Telemann's Instrumental Works. US: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516977-5.