|Ab urbe condita||1947|
|Balinese saka calendar||1115–1116|
|English Regnal year||5 Ric. 1 – 6 Ric. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸丑年 (Water Ox)|
3890 or 3830
— to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
3891 or 3831
|- Vikram Samvat||1250–1251|
|- Shaka Samvat||1115–1116|
|- Kali Yuga||4294–4295|
|Japanese calendar||Kenkyū 5|
|Minguo calendar||718 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1505/1506 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1736–1737|
1320 or 939 or 167
— to —
1321 or 940 or 168
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1194.|
- January 1 – Raja Nooruddin Khan attacked the kingdom of Rajauri in Kashmir and captured it in the year 1194 AD.
- February 4 – King Richard I of England is ransomed from Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
- c. February 10 – Henry Marshal is nominated Bishop of Exeter in England.
- March 10 – Sultan Toghrul III is defeated and killed in battle with Ala ad-Din Tekish, near Rey in Persia, ending the Seljuq Dynasty of Hamedan; the Great Seljuq Empire passes to the Khwarazmian Dynasty.
- March 12–28 – King Richard returns to England and besieges Nottingham Castle, to reclaim it from his brother John.
- April 17 – Richard I is crowned for the second time at Winchester.
- May 2 – The port of Portsmouth in England is granted a Royal Charter.
- May 12 – After settling affairs in England, Richard I leaves for Barfleur in Normandy, to reclaim lands lost to Philip II of France.
- June 10 – A fire at Chartres Cathedral leads to the start of its rebuilding.
- July 3 – Battle of Fréteval: Richard I of England reconquers his French fiefdoms from Philip II.
- July 5 – Emperor Guangzong of Song China is forced to give up his throne.
- November 20 – Palermo in Sicily falls to Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
- December 25 – Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily.
- The Danes attack Estonia.
- Ordinance of the Jewry in England: Strict records are to be kept of financial transactions by Jews in England, for taxation purposes.
- The Yellow River of China experiences a major course change, taking over the Huai River drainage system for the next 700 years.
- A three-year famine begins in Northern France, due to catastrophic rains and hail storms. 
- Hunac Ceel drives the Itza out of Chichen Itza, forcing them to start the Itza Kingdom on Lake Peten Itza.
- July 16 – Clare of Assisi, Italian saint and nun, follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
- December 26 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1250)
- February 20 – Tancred, King of Sicily
- May 5 – King Casimir II of Poland (b. 1138)
- June 27 – Sancho VI, king of Navarre (b. 1132)
- June 28 – Emperor Xiaozong of China (b. 1127)
- July 18 – Guy of Lusignan, king consort of Jerusalem (b. c. 1150)
- September 27 – Renaud de Courtenay, Anglo-Norman nobleman (b. 1125)
- November 15 – Margaret I, Countess of Flanders
- December – Raymond V of Toulouse (b. 1134)
- December 31 – Duke Leopold V of Austria (at a tournament) (b. 1157)
- Basil Vatatzes, Byzantine general
- Benedictus Abbas, English chronicler
- Sviatoslav III of Kiev
- Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
- Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303.
- Baldwin, John (2006). Paris 1200. Paris: Aubier. p. 53.