|Slogan||Know more! (Ukrainian: Знай більше)|
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)|
(downscaled to letterboxed 576i for SDTV)
|Launched||28 November 2013|
|Astra 4A||12341 H / 30000 / 5/6 (HD / FTA)|
|Amos-3||11140 H / 30000 / 3/4 (SD / FTA)|
|Amos-3||11140 H / 30000 / 3/4 (HD / FTA)|
112 Ukraine (Ukrainian: 112 Україна) is a private Ukrainian TV channel, which provides 24-hour news coverage. 112 Ukraine is available on satellites AMOS 2/3, via DVB-T2 network and in packages of all major Ukrainian cable operators. 112 Ukraine is focused on live broadcast.
It is reportedly affiliated with the pro-Russian politician and businessman Viktor Medvedchuk. Since December 2018, the channel has been owned by Taras Kozak, a parliament member of the Opposition Bloc who is reportedly an associate of Medvedchuk.
History of the channel
This news channel was launched within 4 months, starting from concept development, equipment supply and office space design up to programming and business optimization solutions. On 26 November 2013, the presentation of 112 Ukraine took place, and on 28 November 2013, the new TV channel appeared on Ukrainian screens. In August 2014, 112 Ukraine had established its own correspondence bureau in Brussels, Belgium. Within the period of its broadcast, 112 Ukraine has organized live linkups with Crimea, Moscow, Vilnius, Lviv and Malaysia. The same way, the 20-hour TV marathon was held while elections to Verkhovna Rada had place.
Structure and coverage
112 Ukraine covers 75% of the territory of Ukraine. The channel is available in the packages of the largest Ukrainian cable operators, and is also broadcast via DVB-T2 network and AMOS 2/3 satellites. 112 Ukraine owns one satellite license and five regional digital licenses, which are united by the joint venture agreement. The satellite license for 112 Ukraine was issued on 22 August 2013. The companies with digital licenses were merged with companies of 112 Ukraine on 16 August 2014.
A study as performed at the Policy Institute at King's College London to evaluate the spread of misinformation from Russian state media such as RT and Sputnik into international media, including British tabloids like The Daily Mail and Ukrainian Russian-language media like 112.ua. The study found that Russian media often took reporting from Ukrainian sources and repackaged it. However, it found no general evidence of the reverse. This result replicated when closer analysis was performed on two specific news stories, with in one case "no instances of content from RT, RIA or TASS being replicated on the Ukrainian sites, but multiple instances of Russian sites using Ukrainian content to report on the parade," and in another the only Russia-to-Ukraine transfer coming from a long quotation.
The site EUvsDisinfo has highlighted a small number of specific articles in 112.international and 112.ua as promoting pro-Russian talking points. The site has highlighted a fake blog post accusing the Ukrainian military as lazy that was reported on in the English-language 112.international and an interview in which the interviewee claimed that Kyiv aimed to sabotage peace in Donbas.
Pressure of National Broadcasting Council on 112 Ukraine
Since July 2014 112 Ukraine is under constant pressure of the National Television and Radio Broadcasting (hereinafter - the National Council). National Council is broadcasting regulatory body.
During the first informal meeting with 112 Ukraine representatives Head and Deputies of National Council claimed that “112 Ukraine” owner Andrey Podschypkov is a nominal owner, despite the documentary proofs. National Council representatives stated that the real owner is one of the former Ministers of the Viktor Yanukovych cabinet, and refused to renew the programming concept of five regional stations of 112 Ukraine television network.
Also in 2015, 112 Ukraine received notice from the National Council for remarks by Russian journalist Maksim Shevchenko, who was interviewed in the studio via Skype during the "Shuster LIVE" talk-show.
- (in Ukrainian) Comrade Medvedchuk became the owner of "112 Ukraine" TV channel, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 December 2018)
- "Pro-Putin politician Medvedchuk gains control over 112 Ukraine TV channel". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. 2018-08-21. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
- "Opinion | 112 Ukraine will broadcast a film about "civil conflict", the main characters – Medvedchuk and Putin". Opinion UA. 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
- "We call on the prevention of the creeping Occupation of the media space by Russia. A statement by former ZIK employees, Mediarukh and NGOs". Reanimation Package of Reforms Coalition. 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
- ""112-Украина". Полный разгул демократии". Mediananny. November 27, 2013.
- "Channel "112 Ukraine" opened a news bureau in Brussels". Mediabusiness. August 8, 2014. Archived from the original on June 18, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Kyiv office of 112 Ukraine TV channel attacked from grenade launcher (Photo, video)". Unian Information Agency. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- "Ukraine investigates grenade attack on Kiev TV station". WION. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- Ukraine channel broadcasts live with much lower budgets, but at the same high level as the market giants: Deutsche Welle (Germany) – 12 hours live broadcasts per day, NHK World (Japan) – 12 hours, CNN (USA) – 20 hours, BBC World News - 20 hours.[permanent dead link]
- Ramsay, Gordon; Robertshaw, Sam (2019). Weaponising news: RT, Sputnik and targeted disinformation (Report). Policy Institute at King's College London.
- "US lieutenant colonel shocked by drunkenness and laziness of Ukraine's soldiers". EUvsDisinfo.
- "The government in Kyiv is sabotaging peace in Donbas". EUvsDisinfo.
- "TV council sends warning to 112 Ukraine TV channel for infringements during Shuster Live show". Interfax-Ukraine. February 19, 2015.
- "IFJ Backs Ukraine Russian Dialogue to Counter Harassment and Intimidation of Journalists". International Federation of Journalists. February 27, 2015.