at the World Championships in Athletics
The heats of the men's 100 m in 2013
|Gender||Men and women|
|Years held||Men: 1983 – 2017 |
Women: 1983 – 2017
|Men||9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)|
|Women||10.70 Marion Jones (1999)|
|Men||Christian Coleman (USA)|
|Women||Tori Bowie (USA)|
The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes. Since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.
The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009. Ben Johnson beat Lewis in the 1987 final, but his win and record were subsequently rescinded after his admission to long-term steroid use. Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record. The women's world record has not yet been beaten at the championships.
Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful female athlete of the event as the only woman to win three titles. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.
The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.
- All information from IAAF
|Distinction||Male athlete||Age||Female athlete||Age|
|Youngest champion||Yohan Blake||21 years, 245 days||Katrin Krabbe||21 years, 278 days|
|Youngest medalist||Darrel Brown||18 years, 318 days||Katrin Krabbe||21 years, 278 days|
|Youngest participant||Darren Tuitt||15 years, 153 days||Tehani Kirby||14 years, 5 days|
|Oldest champion||Justin Gatlin||35 years, 176 days||Carmelita Jeter||31 years, 278 days|
|Oldest medalist||Justin Gatlin||37 years, 230 days||Merlene Ottey||35 years, 89 days|
|Oldest participant||Kim Collins||39 years, 218 days||Merlene Ottey||47 years, 108 days|
Canada's Ben Johnson and Angella Taylor-Issajenko were both disqualified from the 1987 World Championships in Athletics for doping. Johnson was stripped of his 100 m gold, elevating Carl Lewis to world champion, while Taylor-Issajenko finished fifth in the women's 100 m final.
At the following edition in 1991, Irina Slyusar of the Soviet Union (a women's semi-finalist) was disqualified for doping. Eight years passed without incident in the 100 m before the double Nigerian doping disqualification of Innocent Asonze and Davidson Ezinwa in 1999.
Tim Montgomery became the 100 m second medalist to be disqualified, losing his silver medal from the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. From the same event, Marion Jones later lost her silver medal for doping infractions, becoming the first female medalist to be stripped of a 100 m medal. Venolyn Clarke and Kelli White (a women's finalist) were also disqualified that year. The results of Dwain Chambers and Montgomery, fourth and fifth in 2003, were removed for doping. Two women's medalists were stripped of their honours for doping Kelli White lost the world title while Zhanna Block had her bronze medal removed. Block's times from the 2005 edition were also annulled. These disqualifications were a result of the BALCO scandal, which included many 100 m runners.
No doping offences were recorded at the 2007 World Championships 100 metres, but bans shortly returned, with Ruqaya Al-Ghasra being banned from the 2009 edition and a female trio of Inna Eftimova, Semoy Hackett and Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaludin being disqualified in 2011. The 2013 World Championships saw one elimination in Masoud Azizi.
Among the men's world champions, only Donovan Bailey and Usain Bolt have not been implicated in doping during their careers; three-time champion Maurice Greene never failed a drug test, but admitting purchasing drugs on other athletes behalf.
|1||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2009–2017||3||0||1||4|
|2=||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983–1991||3||0||0||3|
|2=||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1997–2001||3||0||0||3|
|4||Justin Gatlin||United States (USA)||2005–2019||2||3||0||5|
|5=||Christian Coleman||United States (USA)||2017–2019||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Donovan Bailey||Canada (CAN)||1995–1997||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Tyson Gay||United States (USA)||2007–2009||1||1||0||2|
|8||Kim Collins||Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)||2003–2011||1||0||2||3|
|9||Linford Christie||Great Britain (GBR)||1987–1993||1||0||1||2|
|10||Bruny Surin||Canada (CAN)||1995–1999||0||2||0||2|
|11=||Dennis Mitchell||United States (USA)||1991–1993||0||0||2||2|
|11=||Ato Boldon||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||1995–2001||0||0||2||2|
|11=||Asafa Powell||Jamaica (JAM)||2007–2009||0||0||2||2|
Medalists by country
|1||United States (USA)||10||10||5||25|
|4=||Great Britain (GBR)||1||0||3||4|
|4=||Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)||1||0||3||3|
|6||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||0||1||2||3|
|1||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce||Jamaica (JAM)||2009–2015||4||0||0||4|
|2||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1997–1999||2||0||0||2|
|3||Veronica Campbell-Brown||Jamaica (JAM)||2005–2011||1||2||0||3|
|4||Gwen Torrence||United States (USA)||1991–1995||1||1||1||3|
|5=||Zhanna Block||Ukraine (UKR)||1997–2001||1||1||0||2|
|5=||Lauryn Williams||United States (USA)||1991–1995||1||1||0||2|
|7||Carmelita Jeter||United States (USA)||2007–2013||1||0||3||4|
|8||Tori Bowie||United States (USA)||2015–2017||1||0||1||2|
|9||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1987–1995||0||2||2||4|
|10||Ekaterini Thanou||Greece (GRE)||1999–2003||0||1||2||3|
|11=||Chandra Sturrup||Bahamas (BAH)||2001–2003||0||1||1||2|
|11=||Dafne Schippers||Netherlands (NED)||2015–2017||0||1||1||2|
Medalists by country
|1||United States (USA)||9||3||6||18|
|3||East Germany (GDR)||2||2||0||4|
|6||Ivory Coast (CIV)||0||2||0||2|
|10=||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||0||0||1||1|
Championship record progression
|10.64||Luke Watson||Great Britain (GBR)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.38||Juan Núñez||Dominican Republic (DOM)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.34||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.31||Desai Williams||Canada (CAN)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.30||Calvin Smith||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.24||Leandro Peñalver||Cuba (CUB)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|10.20||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Quarter-finals||1983-08-07|
|10.07||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1983||Final||1983-08-08|
|10.03||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|Ben Johnson||Canada (CAN)||1987||Final||1987-08-30|
|9.93 WR=||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1987||Final||1987-08-30|
|9.93||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1991||Semi-finals||1991-08-25|
|9.86 WR||Carl Lewis||United States (USA)||1991||Final||1991-08-25|
|9.86||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1997||Final||1997-08-03|
|9.80||Maurice Greene||United States (USA)||1999||Final||1999-08-22|
|9.58 WR||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2009||Final||2009-08-16|
- dq1 Ben Johnson's winning time of 9.83 broke the championship record and was a new world record, but it was retrospectively annulled due to doping.
|11.26||Olga Antonova||Soviet Union (URS)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.24||Marita Koch||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.23||Diane Williams||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.15||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Heats||1983-08-07|
|11.11||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Quarter-finals||1983-08-07|
|11.05||Marlies Göhr||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Semi-finals||1983-08-08|
|10.99||Evelyn Ashford||United States (USA)||1983||Semi-finals||1983-08-08|
|10.97||Marlies Göhr||East Germany (GDR)||1983||Final||1983-08-08|
|10.95||Heike Drechsler||East Germany (GDR)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|10.90||Silke Möller||East Germany (GDR)||1987||Semi-finals||1987-08-30|
|10.87||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1993||Semi-finals||1993-08-16|
|10.87||Gwen Torrence||United States (USA)||1993||Semi-finals||1993-08-16|
|10.82||Gail Devers||United States (USA)||1993||Final||1993-08-16|
|10.82||Merlene Ottey||Jamaica (JAM)||1993||Final||1993-08-16|
|10.76||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1999||Quarter-finals||1999-08-21|
|10.70||Marion Jones||United States (USA)||1999||Final||1999-08-22|
- Butler, Mark et al. (2013). IAAF Statistics Book Moscow 2013 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
- IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
- Thomsen, Ian (1997-08-09). Kipketer Glides to Victory. New York Times. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
- Butler 2013, p. 35–7.
- Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
- More than 1900 blood samples collected – Moscow 2013. IAAF (2013-09-20). Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
- I.A.A.F. Seeks an Explanation From Greene About Drug Allegations. New York Times (2008-04-17). Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
- Main > Men, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
- Main > Women, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.