|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||g·mol−1 86.090|
|Appearance||Colorless crystalline solid|
|Density||1.11 g/cm3 (at 20 °C)|
|Melting point||58 °C (136 °F; 331 K)|
|Boiling point||238 °C (460 °F; 511 K)|
|Flash point||~136 °C (277 °F)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
1,4-Butynediol is an organic compound that is an alkyne and a diol. It is a colourless, hygroscopic solid that is soluble in water and polar organic solvents. It is a commercially significant compound in its own right and as a precursor to other products.
- 2 CH2O + HC≡CH → HOCH2CCCH2OH
Several patented production methods use copper bismuth catalysts coated on an inert material. The normal temperature range for the reaction is 90 °C up to 150 °C, depending on the pressure used for the reaction which can range from 1 to 20 bar.
1,4-Butynediol is a precursor to 1,4-butanediol and 2-butene-1,4-diol by hydrogenation. It is also used in the manufacture of certain herbicides, textile additives, corrosion inhibitors, plasticizers, synthetic resins, and polyurethanes. It is the major raw material used in the synthesis of vitamin B6. It is also used for brightening, preserving, and inhibiting nickel plating.
It reacts with a mixture of chlorine and hydrochloric acid to give mucochloric acid, HO2CC(Cl)=C(Cl)CHO (see mucobromic acid).
1,4-Butynediol is corrosive and irritates the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract.
- 1,4-Butynediol at chemicalland21.com
- Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
- Heinz Gräfje, Wolfgang Körnig, Hans-Martin Weitz, Wolfgang Reiß, Guido Steffan, Herbert Diehl, Horst Bosche, Kurt Schneider and Heinz Kieczka Butanediols, Butenediol, and Butynediol" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2000, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a04_455
- Kale S. S.; Chaudhari R. V.; Ramachandran P. A. (1981). "Butynediol synthesis. A kinetic study". Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Product Research and Development. 20 (2): 309–315. doi:10.1021/i300002a015.
- "1,4-Butynediol at Sanwei". Archived from the original on 2010-12-04. Retrieved 2006-11-11.