Û, û (u-circumflex) is a letter of the Kurdish alphabet. It also appears in Emilian-Romagnol, French, Friulian, and Turkish languages as a variant of the letter “u”. This letter was used in the ISO 9:1995 system of Cyrillic transliteration as the letter Ю and also in Wade-Giles (one of the romanization systems in Chinese) for apical dental unrounded vowel as in tzû, tz'û, ssû, corresponds to present zi, ci, si in Pinyin respectively. It is also in Taos.
In Afrikaans, û is a punctuated form of u and a usage example includes "brûe", plural of "brug" (= bridge).
Û represents [uː] in Emilian dialects: in the Bolognese dialect, anvûd [aŋˈvuːd] means "nephews".
In French, û does not change the pronunciation of the letter u except in jeune "young", which is still often pronounced differently from jeûne "a fast". In some other words like mû, the circumflex has no disambiguating value; attempts have been made to abolish it in such words. See Circumflex in French. Û also often appears in words that used to have an "s" after the "u": the French word for August, août, used to be written aoust.
Û represents the sound /uː/.
Û occasionally used to represent the sound /uː/ in words like fûrono (they were).
In the Masovian dialect, û represents /ju:/.
Û indicates palatalization of the preceding consonant: "sükûnet" (quietness) is pronounced /sycuːˈnet/.
In Welsh, û is used to represent a long stressed u [ɨː] or [iː] when, without the circumflex, it would be pronounced as a short [ɨ] or [ɪ]: cytûn [kəˑtɨːn, kəˑtiːn] "agreed", bûm [bɨːm, biːm] "I was" as opposed to bum [bɨm, bɪm] "five" (soft-mutated prenominal form).
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX||LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX|
|UTF-8||195 155||C3 9B||195 187||C3 BB|
|Numeric character reference||Û||Û||û||û|
|Named character reference||Û||û|