|Born||9 November 1832|
|Died||28 September 1873 (aged 40)|
|Notable works||Monsieur Lecoq (1868)|
Gaboriau was born in the small town of Saujon, Charente-Maritime. He was the son of Charles Gabriel Gaboriau, a public official and his mother was Marguerite Stéphanie Gaboriau. Gaboriau became a secretary to Paul Féval, and after publishing some novels and miscellaneous writings, found his real gift in L'Affaire Lerouge (1866).
The book, which was Gaboriau's first detective novel, introduced an amateur detective. It also introduced a young police officer named Monsieur Lecoq, who was the hero in three of Gaboriau's later detective novels. The character of Lecoq was based on a real-life thief turned police officer, Eugène François Vidocq (1775–1857), whose own memoirs, Les Vrais Mémoires de Vidocq, mixed fiction and fact. It may also have been influenced by the villainous Monsieur Lecoq, one of the main protagonists of Féval's Les Habits Noirs book series.
The book was published in "Le Siècle" and at once made his reputation. Gaboriau gained a huge following, but when Arthur Conan Doyle created Sherlock Holmes, Monsieur Lecoq's international fame declined. The story was produced on the stage in 1872. A long series of novels dealing with the annals of the police court followed, and proved very popular. Gaboriau died in Paris of pulmonary apoplexy.
Gaboriau's books were generally well received. About The Mystery of the Orcival, Harper's wrote in 1872: "Of its class of romance - French sensational - this is a remarkable and unique specimen". A film version of Le Dossier n° 113 (File No. 113) was released in 1932.
In A Study in Scarlet Arthur Conan Doyle has Watson ask Sherlock Holmes what he thinks of Gaboriau. Holmes disparages Lecoq as "a miserable bungler".
- Le treizième Hussards (1861) - The 13th Hussars
- Mariages d'aventure (1862)
- Monsieur J.-D. de Saint-Roch, ambassadeur matrimonial - The Matrimonial Ambassador: Monsieur J. D. de Saint-Roch
- Promesses de mariage - Promises of Marriage
- Les Gens de Bureau (1862) - The Men of the Bureau
- Les comédiennes adorées (1863)
- L'Affaire Lerouge (1866) - The Widow Lerouge / The Lerouge Affair
- Le Crime d'Orcival (1867) - The Mystery of Orcival
- Le Dossier n° 113 (1867) - File No. 113 / The Blackmailers
- Les Esclaves de Paris (1868, 2 vol.) - Slaves of Paris
- Le Chantage - Caught in the Net
- Le Secret de la Maison de Champdoce - The Champdoce Mystery
- Monsieur Lecoq (1869, 2 vol.)
- "A Thousand Francs Reward - A Disappearance"
- L'Enquête - The Inquiry / Monsieur Lecoq / The Detective's Dilemma
- L'Honneur du nom - The Honor of the Name / The Detective's Triumph
- La Vie infernale (1870, 2 vol.) - The Count's Millions
- Pascal et Marguerite - The Count's Millions
- Lia d'Argeles - Baron Trigault's Vengeance
- La Clique dorée (1871) - The Clique of Gold / The Gilded Clique
- La Dégringolade (1872) - Catastrophe / The Downward Path
- La Corde au cou (1873) - Rope Around His Neck / In Peril of His Life / In Deadly Peril
- L'Argent des autres (1874) - Other People's Money / A Great Robbery
- Le Petit Vieux des Batignolles (1876) - The Little Old Man of Batignolles
- Le Capitaine Coutanceau (1878) - Captain Coutanceau
- Une Disparition (1876) - A Disappearance / Missing! / 1000 Francs Reward
- Maudite maison (1876) - The Unfortunate House
- Casta vixit (1876) - Love, the Conqueror
- Amours d'une empoisonneuse (1881) - Intrigues of a Poisoner / An Adventuress of France / The Marquise De Brinvilliers
- Monsieur Lecoq, directed by Maurice Tourneur (1914, based on the novel Monsieur Lecoq)
- L'Affaire d'Orcival, directed by Gérard Bourgeois (1914, based on the novel Le Crime d'Orcival)
- Monsieur Lecoq (1915, based on the novel Monsieur Lecoq), with William Morris as Lecoq
- The Family Stain, directed by Will S. Davis (1915, based on the novel L'Affaire Lerouge)
- The Evil Women Do, directed by Rupert Julian (1916, based on the novel La Clique dorée)
- Le Capitaine noir, directed by Gérard Bourgeois (1917)
- Thou Shalt Not Steal, directed by William Nigh (1917, based on the novel Le Dossier n° 113)
- File 113, directed by Chester M. Franklin (1933, based on the novel Le Dossier n° 113), with Lew Cody as Lecoq
- Monsieur Lecoq (TV series, 35 episodes, 1964–65), with Léo Ilial as Lecoq
- Nina Gipsy, directed by Claude-Jean Bonnardot (TV film, 1971, based on the novel Le Dossier n° 113), with Henri Lambert as Lecoq
- Der Strick um den Hals, directed by Wilhelm Semmelroth (TV miniseries, 1975, based on the novel La Corde au cou)
- Die Affäre Lerouge, directed by Wilhelm Semmelroth (TV film, 1976, based on the novel L'Affaire Lerouge)
- La Corde au cou, directed by Marcel Moussy (TV miniseries, 1978, based on the novel La Corde au cou)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 381.
- "Biography of Emile Gaboriau". online-literature.com. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- "Editor's literary record" (PDF), Harper's Magazine: 781, April 1872[permanent dead link]
|French Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Works by Emile Gaboriau at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Émile Gaboriau at Internet Archive
- Works by Émile Gaboriau at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Online editions of his works
- Émile Gaboriau - Bibliographie complète sur Roman-Feuilleton & HARD-BOILED site (Comprehensive Bibliographies by Vladimir Matuschenko)